Tom and Jerry is a franchise consisting of theatrical shorts, television shows and specials, feature films, direct-to-video films, and video games. The franchise centers on a never-ending rivalry between a cat (Tom) and a mouse (Jerry) whose chases and battles often involved slapstick comedy.
Hanna and Barbera wrote and directed one hundred and thirteen Tom and Jerry cartoons at the MGM cartoon studio and the one-shot it spawned from (Puss Gets the Boot) in Hollywood until unit was closed. The original series is notable for having won the Academy Award for the Best Short Film seven times, tying it with Walt Disney's Silly Symphonies as the theatrical animated series with the most Oscars. In 2000, TIME named the series one of the greatest television shows of all time.
Beginning in 1961, in addition to the original 114 H-B cartoons, MGM had new shorts produced by Rembrandt Films, led by Gene Deitch in Eastern Europe. Production of Tom and Jerry shorts returned to Hollywood under Chuck Jones's Sib Tower 12 Productions in 1963; this series lasted until 1967, making it a total of 161 shorts. The cat and mouse stars later resurfaced in television cartoons produced by Hanna-Barbera and Filmation Studios during the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s; a feature film, Tom and Jerry: The Movie, in 1992 (released domestically in 1993); and in 2000, their first made-for TV short, Tom and Jerry: The Mansion Cat for Boomerang. The most recent Tom and Jerry theatrical short, The Karate Guard, was written and co-directed by Barbera and debuted in Los Angeles cinemas on September 27, 2005.
Today, WarnerMedia owns the rights to Tom and Jerry (with Warner Bros. handling distribution). Since the merger, Warner Bros. has produced the series, Tom and Jerry Tales for The CW's Saturday morning "The CW4Kids" lineup, as well as the recent Tom and Jerry short, The Karate Guard, in 2005 and a string of Tom and Jerry direct-to-video films - all in collaboration with Warner Bros. Animation. In February 2010, the cartoon celebrated its 70th anniversary and a DVD collection of 30 shorts, Tom and Jerry Deluxe Anniversary Collection, was released in late June 2010 to celebrate the animated duo's seventh decade.